06 Jan


PCOD or PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Disease) is a kind of hormonal disorder in which level of hormones – estrogen and progesterone – of women get disturb those results in growth of small ovarian cysts. Irregular menstrual cycle, infertility, cardiac problems and unpredictable hormonal behavior, these cysts are mostly benign in nature but they cause imbalance of hormone level which results into pregnancy-related issues.

  • Causes of PCOD
  1. Hormonal Imbalance
  2. Hereditary Traits/ Prior history of PCOD in family
  3. Genetic reasons
  4. Elevated 
  • Symptoms of PCO


  1. Irregular or abnormal periods 
  2. Pain and bleeding during periods
  3. Excessive hair on body and face
  4. Weight Gain
  5. Depression and anxiety
  6. Problems pertaining to fertility and pregnancy
  7. Pelvic pain


  • Chances of pregnancy in PCOD

Having PCOS might make it harder for women  to get pregnant. Hormonal imbalances might be to blame. Once a woman with PCOS does conceive, there are two main risks. The first is an increased risk of miscarriage during the first trimester. The second risk is that developing several medical complications throughout life, including:

  • insulin resistance
  • type 2 diabetes
  • high cholesterol
  • high blood pressure
  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • sleep apnea
  • possibly an increased risk of endometrial cancer
  • Include pregnancy-induced hypertension (high blood pressure) and gestational diabetes.


  • PCOD Treatments

Role of diet and Exercise in pcos – Treatment for PCOS usually starts with lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise. As  a healthy & balance diet helps in  regulating menstrual cycle and reducing blood glucose level. Regular exercise is essential to an active body Losing some weight of your body weight can help regulate your menstrual cycle and can also improve cholesterol levels, lower insulin, and reduce heart disease and diabetes risks. Exercise is even more beneficial when combined with a healthy diet. Diet plus exercise helps you lose more weight than either intervention alone, and it lowers your risks for diabetes and heart disease


  • Dietary guidelines for PCOD-

Include seeds like flax seeds, sesame seeds and poppy seeds in your diet which is very beneficial to you.

Include plenty of vegetables include can add 3 to 4 servings a day.

Avoid the consumption of processed foods & sugar

Limit your intake of chocolate, sweets, soft drinks, cookies & processed cereals etc…

  • Other treatments for PCOD

Birth-control pills – 

Anti-Androgen Drugs

 Fertility Drugs


Note: It's a fairly common disorder, but one with no exact cure. Most PCOD patients are overweight and are advised to improve diet & exercise regularly, which can further help to control the symptoms.

 However, majority of people have a completely normal body type.

Last modified on Sunday, 06 January 2019 11:03

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